Continuous Integration (CI) is fantastic for software development and deployment. One of the newest entries into the CI market1 is Microsoft’s Azure DevOps. Their Open Source support is impressive; it is likely part of the recent push2 by Microsoft to be more Open Source friendly. Open Source projects get 10 parallel builds, unlimited build minutes, 6 hour job timeouts, and incredibly fast jobs on macOS, Linux, and Windows, all via a single platform. Quite a few major projects3 have been moving to Azure since the initial release in December 2018. The configuration of DevOps is second only to GitLab CI in ease of use and possibly the most expressive system available. The multiple pipeline support also scales well to complicated procedures.
This is the first in a series of posts covering an introduction to setting up projects in Azure DevOps, developed to update the testing and releasing of Python packages for Scikit-HEP, a project for a coherent High Energy Physics Python analysis toolset. The second post covers release pipelines, and the third covers building binary Python packages using DevOps.
Note: I now highly recommend GitHub Actions, which is almost “Azure 2.0”, if you are interested in setting up CI. The language is very similar, although simplified, with some non-backward compatible bugfixes (such as multiline expressions will error if any line files, instead of just on the last line in Azure). You can read my tutorials on GitHub Actions on the Scikit-HEP developer pages.[Read More]